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Paper negative, 9-13/16 x 14 in. (250 x 356 mm), 1851-52/1851-52, unmounted. Marked Planche 135. These two were the only known ethnographic images made by Teynard. See: Howe, Felix Teynard, Calotypes of Egypt, p.72-73, pl.135; Howe & Sinsheimer, Excursions Along the Nile: The Photographic Discovery of Egypt, pl.59; Égypte et Nubie : sites et monuments les plus intéressants pour l'étude de l'art et de l'histoire / Félix Teynard. Paris : Goupil et Cie, , pl. 135.
Félix Teynard was born on January 14, 1817 in Grenoble, France, where he remained for most of his life. A civil engineer, Teynard traveled to Egypt in 1851-52 with the express purpose of updating the standard architectural reference on Egypt, ″Description de l'Égypte″, a lavish publication of oversized engravings issued by Napoleon's team of savants between 1809 and 1829. Teynard photographed sites from Cairo to Nubia, traveling up the Nile as far as the Second Cataract above Abu Simbel. He had an evident wonder at the engineering skills of the ancient architects and builders and had an uncommon grasp of the physicality of man-made constructions--their size and placement in space, their materials and decoration, and their state of conservation. Teynard's survey, 160 salted paper prints with accompanying text, was published by Groupil from 1853 to 1858 as ″Égypte et Nubie: Sites et monuments les plus intéressants pour l'étude de l'art et de l'histoire″. Fewer than 20 complete sets have survived in tact. He died in Grenoble on August 28, 1892.
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