Information and discussion on all aspects of British photographic history
St Andrews offers a one-year MLitt History of Photography course, but there are also modules taught on the history of photography within the standard BA in the History of Art
If I may add in to the discussion - there is a module that covers 19th century Photography in the one-year academic course (MA in Photography: contemporary & historical, London) offered by the auction house, Sotheby's (http://www.sothebysinstitute.com/photography.html).
In the US, the University of Arizona has a strong History of Photography offering. The BA itself would be in Art History, but it is possible to take several individual courses and seminars in the History of Photography toward that BA. The University of Arizona houses the Center for Creative Photography, which is an excellent resource.
I know this is an old link but I didn't see this mentioned. This is a great podcast in conjunction with a course taught at the College of DuPage in Illinois.
The University of Arizona, Tucson has two undergraduate degree offerings depending on your interest. The BA in art history and education with emphasis in photography offers two survey courses in 19th century and 20th century histories as well as subject seminar courses and independent studies. The BFA in photography is offered with required courses in history of photography as well as studio photography practical courses. The Center for Contemporary Photography is on campus, as well as Special Collection through the University Libraries hold non-circulating collections of 19th and 20th century photographs. Additionally, the Arizona State Museum's collections of photographs present emphasis in the Southwest and anthropology with additional separate collections that students have available for research. Across the street from the University is the Arizona Historical Society and its photography collection.