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Auction: Important Beato China and Japan album - UPDATED

Lawrences of Crewkerne is to offer an important Felice Beato album on 31 January 2014. The album contains 68 albumen prints of China and Japan, including views of North Peiho Fort, the Emperor's Palace and the Summer Palace, Peking, Hong Kong, Yedo and Yokohama, the first leaf signed in margin (vertically), 'No. 20 F. Beato', and a further ownership inscription, 'Capt. Dew, R.N. 1863' on endpaper, the majority of prints captioned in pencil on the mount, the majority mounted one per page, some damp-staining to upper margin, rarely affecting prints,contemporary soft boards of Japanese cloth, worn, 47 x 37 cm approx., c.1863-4. It is estimated at £50,000-70,000

UPDATE: The album sold for £145,000. 

Provenance: Purchased from the photographer by Capt Roderick Dew, R.N. in 1863-64, thence by descent.

Footnote: Captain Roderick Dew, R.N., (2 July 1823-24 March 1869) is regarded as one of the great heroes of the Second Opium War. 

The catalogue entry is available here: http://www.lawrences.co.uk/Catalogues/FS310114/page007.html

If you wish to examine this lot, viewing will be available at The Japanese Gallery, 66 Kensington Church Street, London W8 4BY on the 20th and 21st January 2014 between 10.00am and 5.00pm. Please ring Lawrences for further details. 

The catalogue description notes: 

Albums by Felice Beato that contain prints of both China and Japan are very rare. This example offers 23 views of China and 34 views of Japan, including 11 folding panoramas (inc. Hong Kong harbour, the aftermath of battle at the North Taku Fort, views of Yokohama, Yedo, etc.), 8 further prints of drawings by C. Wirgman and 3 portrait studies that include a PORTRAIT OF THE PURCHASER, CAPT. RODERICK DEW.

Felice Beato moved to Japan in 1863, placing this album among the very first his studio produced there. It seems likely that the purchaser, Capt. Roderick Dew, selected the prints personally, as they would seem to reflect his own military interests. In later albums, Beato preferred to select the content himself.

The prints comprise:

  • i) Representatives of the United States of America, England and France, (titled L-R: [Gustave Duchese, Prince de] Bellacourt, Capt Roderick Dew, Col. James, Col. Hooper, Col. [Edward St.John] Neale, U.S. Minister), 167 x 144 mm;
  • ii) Yokohama (folding six print panorama), 1675 x 247mm;
  • iii) Gan Kiro, Yokohama, 291 x 229 mm;
  • iv) Canal, Yokohama, 298 x 223 mm;
  • v) Guard House, Yokohama, 293 x 242 mm;
  • vi) Opposite Yokohama, 290 x 244 mm;
  • vii) Beutin ?Sainia, Yokohama, 280 x 222 mm;
  • viii) Beutin ?Saina, Yokohama, 280 x 225 mm, torn with slight loss;
  • ix) The Bluff, Yokohama, 275 x 230 mm;
  • x) Glimpse of Fujiyama, 273 x 226 mm;
  • xi) Dai Butsu, Yokohama, 289 x 227 mm;
  • xii) Dai Butsu, Yokohama, 289 x 227 mm ;
  • xiii) Ball given by Netherlands Consul... Yokohama, September [...] 1863, copy of drawing by C. Wirgman, 272 x 190 mm;
  • xiv) Attack on Richardson, September 13th 1862, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 257 x 196 mm;
  • xv) Invasion of Japan, Ye Grand Army a landing... March '64, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 278 x 183 mm;
  • xvi) Kawasaki Temple, (folding two print panorama), 532 x 219 mm;
  • xvii) Kawasaki Temple, 290 x 242 mm;
  • xviii) Panorama of Yeddo from Atago-Yama, (folding five print panorama), 1395 x 207 mm;
  • xix) Palace of Arima, Yedo (folding three print panorama), 830 x 175 mm;
  • xx) The Tycoons Palace, Yedo, (folding two print panorama), 546 x 217 mm;
  • xxi) Etai Bashi, Yedo, (folding three print panorama), 818 x 210 mm;
  • xxii) Entrance to the British Legation, Yedo, 277 x 229 mm;
  • xxiii) British Legation, Yedo, 270 x 215 mm;
  • xxiv) Spot where the sentries were murdered, British Legation, Yedo, 267 x 217 mm;
  • xxv) American Legation, Yedo, 289 x 227 mm;
  • xxvi) The Scene of the Murder of Major Baldwin... Kamakura Temple, (folding two print panorama), 453 x 286 mm, slight staining to upper edge;
  • xxvii) American Legation, Yedo, 287 x 237 mm;
  • xxviii) Dutch Legation, Yedo, 277 x 231 mm;
  • xxix) Palace of Howokawa, 278 x 222 mm;
  • xxx) Japanese Garden, Yedo, 278 x 230 mm;
  • xxxi) Atago-Yama, Yedo, 286 x 230 mm;
  • xxxii) Garden of Miyazaki on the Tokaido, 280 x 200 mm;
  • xxxiii) Akabane, Yedo, 280 x 230 mm;
  • xxxiv) Yakunins House, Yedo, 255 x 225 mm;
  • xxxv) Japanese Garden, Yedo, 282 x 233 mm;
  • xxxvi) Japanese girls, 250 x 168 mm, irregularly cropped;
  • xxxvii) Josses, Yedo, 261 x 229 mm;
  • xxxviii) Delenda est..., copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 266 x 202 mm;
  • xxxix) Theatricals on board the 'Perseus', 1863, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 252 x 156 mm;
  • xl) Anglo-Chinese Contingent, Ningbo, 1864, Sept, 203 x 130 mm;
  • xli) As above, 237 x 141 mm;
  • xlii) Granite Obalisque 70 feet high in Memoriam Capture of Ningbo, May 10 1862, 188 x 237 mm;
  • xliii) ?Valubins, Paris, 1863, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 266 x 180 mm;
  • xliv) London, 1863, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 263 x 198 mm;
  • xlv) Sketch in Hong Kong, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 254 x 178 mm;
  • xlvi) Spinning yarns on board the 'Bengal', 1863, copy of a drawing by C. Wirgman, 243 x 177 mm;
  • xlvii) Panorama of Hong Kong, (folding six print panorama), 1723 x 216 mm;
  • xlviii) Pehtang Fort, 292 x 256 mm;
  • xlix) Interior Pehtang Fort, (folding two print panorama), 584 x 241 mm;
  • l) North Fort, Peiho, 300 x 254 mm;
  • li) Abbatis North Fort, Peiho, 304 x 257 mm;
  • lii) Angle of North Fort, Peiho, 302 x 255 mm;
  • liii) Portraits of dead men. Interior of North Fort, Peiho, 291 x 245 mm, creased along one edge; liv) Portraits of dead men. Interior of North Fort, Peiho, 307 x 259 mm;
  • lv) Portraits of dead men, Peiho Fort Interior, 303 x 256 mm ; lvi) Exterior of North Fort, Peiho, 300 x 249 mm;
  • lvii) Interior of North Fort, Peiho, (folding four print panorama), 1175 x 231 mm;
  • lviii) [Studio portrait of General Lord Clyde, Lt. General Sir Hope Grant and Lt. General Sir W. Mansfield], 148 x 171 mm;
  • lix) [Studio portrait of Lt. General Sir Hope Grant] (loose), 146 x 174 mm;
  • lx) Cavalier of North Fort, (folding two print panorama), 590 x 245 mm;
  • lxi) Second Fort, Peiko, 305 x 257 mm;
  • lxii) Chinese wooden ?yuns, Peiho, 293 x 260 mm;
  • lxiii) Bridge Palu chian on which Brabazon was killed near Pekin, 305 x 261 mm;
  • lxiv) Cemetery near Pekin, 306 x 245 mm;
  • lxv) Pagoda near Tungchan, 285 x 229 mm, creased in upper left corner;
  • lxvi) Emperor's Palace, Pekin, 307 x 251 mm;
  • lxvii) Summer Palace, Pekin, 303 x 250 mm, creased on left, upper right corner with slight loss;
  • lxviii) Near Pekin, 305 x 257 mm.

In May 1859, as part of a naval force under the Command of Sir James Hope, Dew participated in an attack on the North Taku Fort as Commander of HMS Nimrod. In a personal letter to an unknown recipient - apparently written from within the Peiho Fort - he describes the engagement, ‘At 10am yesterday we attacked the forts. Cormorant led on in splendid style for the North Forts & had almost passed the forts when the whole Chinese line of batteries opened - we weighed our anchor to advance into position amid a fearful hail of balls, all as luck would have it passing over … after the anchor was up we had to steam some distance before our guns would bear & then 6 shells plumped right into the Southern forts & exploded…’. He goes on to describe the destruction of the forts in some detail, ‘…I saw the poor devils carried out in a fearful state - many naked and quite black - the same in the forts I have not time to describe … the huge brass guns tumbled about + dented laying in a chaotic state amongst the debris of the earth works the dying and the dead…’ (ALS written Friday May 21 [1859], 5’ inside Pieho. Private collection).

In September 1859 Dew was appointed Captain of HMS Encounter. In 1862 Admiral Sir James Hope instructed Dew to proceed to Ningbo, now occupied by Taiping rebels who posed a threat to the Qing Dynasty and to British trade. After the failure of negotiations, Dew led a coalition of Chinese Imperial Troops, British and French forces in an attack on Ningbo. Running ladders against the ramparts, the first attempt was aborted due to a fierce enemy response. When a second attempt was made with the ladders, ‘…Kennedy, the first on his, was shot through the lungs; David Davis, who was foremost on the next, was shot through the head as, revolver in mouth, he topped the wall; and so Captain Dew himself was the first to gain a position on the rampart, which was soon passed by the greater part of his force…’. Subsequent to the success of this action, Captain Dew pushed forward to secure a large part of the surrounding region. Writing to Lucy Amphlett, he describes the scene, ‘Since we took Ningbo I have had one or two little brushes with them, + I firmly believe I have saved the lives + properties of some 100000 men women + children. Black smoke up country told us that the Rebels were at their old games. I went up the river in one of our gunboats … for ten miles the banks were one huge well-cultivated garden studded with villages. Suddenly on turning a corner of the river we came upon some 5000 rebels plundering + murdering … a few rounds of grape + shell sent the Army scampering up the hills + the people returned to their houses which in another ten minutes would have been burnt…’ (ALS from the Encounter May 27/62, Ningbo. Private collection).

After a successful series of actions that restored Imperial rule to the area, around April 1863 Dew and the HMS Encounter left for Yokohama, Japan. He was stationed there protecting British interests until early in 1864, when he left for Plymouth. It seems likely that he met Felice Beato during this period and compiled the present album as a record of his military service in China and Japan.

For his actions in the liberation of Ningbo - described at the time as ‘by far the best thing of the kind done either in China or elsewhere since the peace of 1815’ - Capt. Dew was recommended for the Victoria Cross and was awarded the Companion of the Order of Bath. In March 1865 he also received a Gold Medal of Merit from the Emperor of China, ‘…for his bravery and vigour when in command of the Imperial Troops, and those of England and France, at the capture of Ningbo, and the subsequent recovery from the Tai-Pings of the entire province of Che Kiang…’ He died in Lisbon on March 24th 1869, while in Command of HMS Northumberland

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